ESA bleeding guidelines

Management of severe perioperative bleeding: guidelines from the European Society of Anaesthesiology - First update 2016

(in Eur J Anaesthesiol 2017; 34:332–395)

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The management of perioperative bleeding involves multiple assessments and strategies to ensure appropriate patient care. Initially, it is important to identify those patients with an increased risk of perioperative bleeding.

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Patient information: Patient Blood Management PBM


PBM is patient-centred care. PBM needs patient empowerment. This video is made for patient information. It is a translation of the ESA guidelines (see above) in layperson language.
You may download it free of charge and, e.g., host it in your pre-anaesthesia clinics or give the link to patients scheduled for bloody major surgery.

Reducing risks, improving outcomes: The benefits of Patient Blood Management

While blood transfusions are generally very safe and have saved millions of lives, they carry a small risk of serious side effects. These risks can be lessened through the use of Patient Blood Management (PBM), a series of interventions that seek to minimise blood loss, prevent anaemia and reduce the need for a transfusion before, during and after major surgery. Professor Sibylle Kietaibl of the Evangelical Hospital Vienna, Austria, is a leading advocate for PBM, with a particular interest in the importance of patient-centred decision-making in the implementation of the system.
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