ESA bleeding guidelines

Management of severe perioperative bleeding: guidelines from the European Society of Anaesthesiology - First update 2016

(in Eur J Anaesthesiol 2017; 34:332–395)

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The management of perioperative bleeding involves multiple assessments and strategies to ensure appropriate patient care. Initially, it is important to identify those patients with an increased risk of perioperative bleeding.

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Patient information: Patient Blood Management PBM


PBM is patient-centred care. PBM needs patient empowerment. This video is made for patient information. It is a translation of the ESA guidelines (see above) in layperson language.
You may download it free of charge and, e.g., host it in your pre-anaesthesia clinics or give the link to patients scheduled for bloody major surgery.